Babies with Down syndrome have a different facial appearance than normal babies.

Babies with Down syndrome have a different facial appearance than normal babies.

Symptoms seen in infancy:

  • Head small,
  • Flat head,
  • The nape is short and wide,
  • The skin of the nape is thick, gnarled,
  • The neck is thick and short,
  • The nasal root is flattened,
  • Ears are at a lower level,
  • Eyes apart, slanted,
  • The tongue is wide
  • hand wide,
  • The fingers are short and plump,
  • The pinky fingers of the hand are bent inward,
  • Single transverse line on the palm (simian line),
  • The body is short and stocky,
  • Joints are loose.

These babies may have difficulty in sucking, prolongation of neonatal jaundice, congenital heart diseases, and brain stem hypoplasia.

Symptoms seen in the play age and adult period:

  • Skull small (microcephaly),
  • Slant eyes and eyelids, strabismus, cataracts,
  • Face flattened,
  • Clefts in the tongue,
  • Mouth open,
  • Cleft palate,
  • Cleft lip,
  • Tooth development problems,
  • Bone development problems
  • Reflux,
  • Genital problems (undescended testicles, small penis, etc.),
  • The hands are wide, short,
  • Simian line on palm,
  • Joints may be loose.

Susceptibility to infections, intelligence problems, attention problems, leukemia, cerebrovascular problems can be seen in these patients.