Early detection of cervical cancer saves lives. Early stage cervical cancers are treated more easily, the daily life of the patient is not affected much. However, cervical cancers that are delayed, especially those that have spread to other organs or tissues, are difficult to treat.

Early detection of cervical cancer saves lives. Early stage cervical cancers are treated more easily, the daily life of the patient is not affected much. However, cervical cancers that are delayed, especially those that have spread to other organs or tissues, are difficult to treat. It can create permanent problems, and daily life can be seriously affected. It creates problems both economically and socially.

Early diagnosis of cervical cancer is possible with screening tests. The cervix is one of the most suitable organs for screening tests due to the presence of precancerous lesions and its easy accessibility. Further tests can be performed in cases suspected in screening tests. If screening results are combined with appropriate treatment, it will have achieved its purpose.

Screening tests that can be used for early detection of cervical cancer are:

  • PAP-Smear: It is the collection and cytological examination of the shed cells of the cervix. It is valuable for the detection of cancer precursor lesions. It is recommended to have it done every five years for women over the age of 30.

Test negative: No cancer precursor cells, control is continued every five years.

Test positive: Abnormal cells have been detected. It does not mean that the patient has cancer, but it is absolutely necessary to be checked for cervical cancer and further tests should be done.

  • HPV Test: HPV is the most important risk factor for cervical cancer. It is recommended for women over the age of 30 to be done every five years.

The test is negative: There is no cancer-causing HPV virus, the control is continued every five years.

Test positive: Cancer causing HPV virus has been detected. It does not mean that the patient has cancer, but it is absolutely necessary to be checked for cervical cancer, PAP Smear and further tests should be done.

Sometimes false positive or false negative results can occur with both screening tests. For this reason, practices such as cross-checking the tests and training the personnel at regular intervals will increase the effectiveness of screening tests.