Down syndrome is a genetic disease, there is no cure. However, these individuals can be offered a better life with a little support.

Down syndrome is a genetic disease, there is no cure. However, these individuals can be offered a better life with a little support.

In this context, first of all, life-threatening problems should be solved.

  • Congenital heart diseases are a life-threatening condition that can be seen in Down syndrome. Precautions should be taken against heart diseases. Cardiac examination should be done. In necessary cases, surgical treatment can be tried.
  • Especially respiratory tract infections can pose a serious risk in Down syndrome. These patients should be protected against pneumonia and flu infections. Vaccinations should be made.
  • Obesity tendency is an important problem in Down syndrome. Many conditions such as slow growth and development, oral and dental problems, sucking and swallowing problems can cause this. Patients should be encouraged to eat healthy, and education should be given to patients and their relatives. The life expectancy of these patients can be increased with adequate and balanced, personalized nutrition plans.
  • Language therapist support can be provided for speech.
  • Vision and hearing checks should be done regularly. If necessary, glasses and hearing aids can be given.
  • Oral and dental health checks should be done regularly, and treatments should be applied if necessary.
  • In order to protect the patient from accidents and infections, counseling on self-care, hygiene and prevention from accidents should be given.
  • Physical therapy should be started early in patients with physical disabilities.
  • Thyroid diseases should be investigated, if any, treatment should be started in the early period.
  • In terms of adaptation to normal life, it is important for patients to be kept in the same environment as normal children and to start school at the same time as them.
  • Autism can be seen in some Down syndrome patients. These patients may have difficulty understanding what others are thinking or feeling, some social events may cause anxiety, and they may have difficulty making friends. Necessary psychological support should be given for this situation.
  • Down syndrome patients are at risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s. For this reason, regular check-ups should be made from the age of 30.