Decreased amount of saliva in the mouth causes dry mouth. Dry mouth can rarely be a sign of a serious condition. A healthy person produces an average of 1500 cc of saliva per day. The submandibular salivary glands in your mouth produce more resting saliva, while the parotid glands secrete saliva, usually in response to a stimulus.

Decreased amount of saliva in the mouth causes dry mouth. Dry mouth can rarely be a sign of a serious condition. A healthy person produces an average of 1500 cc of saliva per day. The submandibular salivary glands in your mouth produce more resting saliva, while the parotid glands secrete saliva, usually in response to a stimulus. There may be a decrease in these secretions for any reason. With the reduction of saliva in the mouth, difficulties in speaking, tasting, chewing and swallowing are experienced. With the decrease in saliva secretion, opportunistic microorganisms in the mouth multiply and a situation open to infections occurs.



It is very important to distinguish between real dry mouth and feeling dry. You can ask your doctor for support in this regard.

Causes of dry mdry mouthouth

The main causes of dry mouth are:

  • Dehydration and dehydration in your body (diseases that cause not drinking water or peeing a lot)
  • The most important drugs that cause dry mouth are:
    • Anorexiants
    • Antiacne agents
    • Anticholinergic/antispasmodic agents
    • Anticonvulsives
    • Antidepressants
    • Antihistamines
    • Antihypertensive drugs
    • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesics
    • Antiemetics
    • Antiparkinsonian drugs
    • Antipsychotics
    • Bronchodilators
    • Chemotherapy agents
    • Decongestants
    • Diuretics
    • Muscle relaxant agents
    • Narcotic analgesics
    • Sedative agents
  • Radiation (Severe dry mouth may occur by affecting the salivary glands as a result of radiotherapy to the head and neck region)
  • Some systemic diseases:
    • Autoimmune connective tissue diseases (Sjögren’s syndrome)
    • Granulomatous diseases (sarcoidosis, tuberculosis)
    • Graft versus host disease
    • Cystic fibrosis
    • Bell palsy
    • Uncontrolled diabetes
    • Amyloidosis
    • HIV infection
    • Hypo and hyperthyroidism
    • Eating disorders (anorexia, bulimia)
  • Breathing through your mouth at night because your nose is stuffy
  • Cancer treatment (radiotherapy or chemotherapy)
  • Thrush in the mouth
  • Worry and excitement for any reason

How is the dryness intra-oral diagnosed?

Function tests of the salivary glands can be done to examine the reduction of salivary secretion that causes dry mouth. The salivary flow rate is measured without any stimuli. In addition, salivary gland functions can be examined by scintigraphy methods.



Sialography, ultrasonography, MRI and CT imaging techniques can be used to detect the conditions that cause dry mouth.

A salivary gland biopsy can also be done to diagnose some other diseases.

How Is Dry Mouth Treated?

The treatment of dry mouth is primarily done by reducing the symptoms and then treating the conditions that cause the dry mouth. Since no artificial material can replace your saliva, the main goal will be to maintain a healthy amount of saliva.

How can you help relieve dry mouth yourself?

  • Frequent sips of water reduce your dry mouth, moisturize the tissues and support oral hygiene.
  • Mouthwashes can be used to increase the quality of life and restore functions. If you are going to use oral care products, make sure they have a neutral or alkaline pH, alcohol-free and sugar-free. Over-flavored toothpaste or mouthwash can irritate the dried mucous membrane of the mouth, causing a burning or soreness in your mouth. Re-mineralizing mouthwashes should be used with caution, as they can replace the mineralizing effect of saliva.
  • Chewing sour lozenges and chewing sugar-free gum can also reduce dry mouth by increasing your saliva secretion.
  • You can prevent dryness and cracks on your lips by using lip balm. The fact that your lip balm is rich in vitamin E can accelerate wound healing.
  • Brushing your teeth at least twice a day both reduces drying and helps prevent tooth decay.
  • Reducing cigarettes, alcohol and coffee, and avoiding acidic and carbonated drinks can reduce your dry mouth.
  • Always remove your dentures before going to sleep.
  • If you think that your dry mouth is due to any drug treatment, do not stop using your medicine without consulting your doctor.
  • Consuming your meals warm and unseasoned can help reduce dry mouth.
  • Ensure that the air humidity quality of the environment you live in is improved.
  • Using unsweetened yoghurt and yoghurt products can help you avoid fungal infections in the mouth.
  • If you have conditions that result from your nasal congestion and cause your mouth to be constantly open to breathe, it may be beneficial to use a decongestant to relieve your nasal congestion.
  • If there is any source of stress that causes you to worry, try to resolve it.

Important:

  • If you have tried everything you can do yourself or are unable to do it for any reason, or
  • If you have problems with your sense of taste that do not improve, or
  • If you have difficulty chewing or swallowing, or
  • If you have swelling, redness, a painful condition in your mouth, or
  • If you think a drug you are using is the cause, or
  • If there are psychological reasons that worry you that you cannot resolve or that are progressing, or
  • If you have other symptoms, be sure to consult your doctor.