Bleeding gum is a symptom of diseases that can occur mainly in the gums. However, some other serious diseases can also cause bleeding gums. For this reason, it is necessary to thoroughly investigate the condition of gingival bleeding in a health institution.

Bleeding gum is a symptom of diseases that can occur mainly in the gums. However, some other serious diseases can also cause bleeding gums. For this reason, it is necessary to thoroughly investigate the condition of gingival bleeding in a health institution.

What are the causes of bleeding gums? 

  • Gingivitis: If dental plaque is not cleaned, it leads to the growth of bacteria over time. This can cause bleeding along with sensitivity and redness in the gums.
  • Some drugs: Some drugs, especially blood thinners, make it difficult for blood to clot and cause bleeding in the gums as a side effect. For this reason, it is necessary to take the drugs under expert control and to prefer more sensitive oral care products for these people.
  • Oral care products: Changing routine oral care products can lead to bleeding gums. A dentist should be consulted.
  • Pregnancy: Changing hormonal activities can lead to gum sensitivity. Bleeding may occur during dental care due to increased blood flow in the gums.
  • Inadequate oral care: Not paying enough attention to oral care is the main cause of gum diseases and therefore bleeding gums.
  • Unhealthy diet: Some ingredients in processed foods can irritate the gums and cause sensitivities. In addition, vitamin and mineral deficiencies are also very effective on the deterioration of oral and dental health. Therefore, due attention should be paid to adequate and balanced nutrition.
  • Stress: It causes deterioration of vascular health and weakens the immune system. As a result, oral health may deteriorate and gum bleeding may occur.
  • Tobacco and tobacco products: Harmful substances in tobacco smoke can accumulate in the gums and cause infections. For this reason, the use of tobacco and tobacco products should be avoided to prevent gum bleeding.
  • Any bleeding disorder, vitamin K deficiency
  • Brushing too hard, badly fitting dentures, improper flossing
  • Leukemia, a type of blood cancer, can also be the cause of bleeding gums.

 What are the symptoms of bleeding gums? 

  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Pink toothbrush after brushing,
  • Spitting up blood while brushing or flossing your teeth
  • Swollen or puffy gums,
  • Bright red, dark red or purplish gums
  • Gums that feel sensitive when touched,
  • bad breath,
  • Pus between your teeth and gums,
  • Painful chewing,

 What are the risk factors for bleeding gums? 

  • To smoke,
  • Diabetes,
  • Poor oral hygiene,
  • Stress,
  • Genetic,
  • Unhealthy eating,
  • Underlying immunodeficiencies – eg, AIDS,
  • Taking drugs that cause bleeding disorder,
  • Prostheses that do not fit properly,
  • Female hormonal changes, such as pregnancy or use of oral contraceptives.

What can I do to prevent gum bleeding at home? 

Things to do to prevent bleeding gums are:

Oral hygiene: Do not neglect oral and dental cleaning, brush your teeth regularly and correctly, along with your gums and tongue.

Dental check-up : Have your regular dental check-up twice a year.

The right toothbrush: Extra soft toothbrushes should be preferred for sensitive gums. Hard toothbrushes increase the risk of bleeding. Toothbrush should be changed every 3-6 months.

Dental floss: Using dental floss or an interface brush every day, at least at bedtime, prevents the formation of plaque and tartar on the teeth. It improves gum health in general and reduces bleeding.

Strengthening the immune system: The weakening of the immune system due to some diseases or the drugs used causes the gingival bleeding to prolong. You should take measures to strengthen the immune system together with your doctor and dentist following your chronic disease.

Eating crunchy vegetables : Crisp vegetables like celery and carrots help remove food residue from teeth, helping to keep teeth clean between meals. They also contain low amounts of sugar and carbohydrates. Therefore, they do not cause tooth decay or gum problems.

Consuming green foods : Leafy greens such as kale, lettuce, and spinach are rich in essential nutrients, including vitamin K. Vitamin K deficiency can affect the time it takes for blood to clot, so people with vitamin K deficiency may bleed more than usual.

Using gauze: Along with practicing good oral hygiene, immediately pressing a clean, damp gauze pad over the bleeding area can help stop the bleeding. Gently press the gauze until the blood flow stops.

Using ice : Applying a cold compress to the bleeding gum area can help stop the bleeding. It reduces swelling due to gingivitis and relieves pain. Cold compresses are applied at 10-minute intervals.

Using antibacterial mouthwashes : Mouthwashes containing chlorohexidine or hydrogen peroxide kill bacteria and reduce inflammation. It is used as part of the treatment of gingivitis, a common cause of bleeding gums. Soothes sore, swollen and bleeding gums.

Rinsing with warm salt water: May help reduce bacteria and speed healing times. It should be used in accordance with the recommendation of the dentist.

Not using tobacco and tobacco products : According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), smoking is an important cause of gum disease. It weakens the immune system in the fight against bacteria, making recovery difficult.

Avoiding processed and sugary foods: Starchy foods such as refined bread, cakes, cookies, potato chips stick to the teeth and gums and turn into sugar. This causes inflammation of the gums, bleeding and an increase in decay.

Non-drug traditional methods that can be used to prevent gum disease at home: 

Chamomile (Matricaria recutita): It is effective in the treatment of gingivitis due to its anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. It can be used not only during the treatment of gum diseases, but also for preventive purposes to prevent these diseases. Put 2-3 teaspoons of chamomile in 250 ml of hot water and wait for about 10 minutes. Then strain and drink after meals or use as a mouthwash.

Echinacea (Echinacea): It is used to protect the gums due to its antibacterial and immune system strengthening properties.

Tea (Camellia sinensis): It prevents the bacteria that cause tooth decay and gingivitis from settling in the mouth.

Licorice (Glycyrrluza glabra): It is a natural sweetener. It does not cause tooth decay or gum inflammation. It is also effective in controlling and controlling gingivitis and plaque formation. However, if used for a long time or in large amounts, it can cause headache, drowsiness, sodium and water retention in the body, excessive potassium loss and high blood pressure.

Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica): It is considered to significantly reduce the formation of plaque on the teeth, thanks to its antibacterial properties.

Peppermint (Mentha piperita): It is used to combat bacteria that cause gingivitis due to its antibacterial properties. You can drink the tea obtained by adding 2 teaspoons of dried mint to 250 ml of hot water or rinse your mouth. Instead of chewing mint gum or eating mints, it is much more effective and better to chew on fresh mint leaves.

Watercress (Nasturtium offidnale): It has been used for many years in China for the treatment of gingivitis.

Teatree (Melaleuca): Teatree oil is a powerful antiseptic. It is used for the treatment of gingivitis and wounds in the mouth. It is used as a mouthwash by adding a few drops of teatree oil to a glass of water. It cannot be swallowed.

Purslane (Portulaca oleracea): Due to its richness in magnesium and vitamin C, coriander, cowpea, dandelion, licorice root, lettuce, poppy seed, spinach, nettle leaves and green beans are used to treat gum diseases.

Sage (Salvia officinalis): Due to its antiseptic properties, it has been used in Europe for a while to stop bleeding in the gums. However, if taken in high doses, it can cause spasms.

Turmeric: It has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. Applying turmeric paste to the gums can improve symptoms of gingivitis and bleeding gums. It can be used with baking soda to remove the yellow color residue on the teeth after application.

What happens if the bleeding gum is not treated? 

If bleeding gums are not treated properly, it can cause gingivitis, loosening of the teeth and loss of teeth. In the presence of infection, bacteria can enter your bloodstream through the gum tissue and affect other parts of the body, manifested by problems controlling blood sugar in respiratory disease, rheumatoid arthritis, coronary artery disease or diabetes. It can even lead to septicemia.

When should I go to the dentist? 

Home remedies or traditional treatments are for temporary relief. If you notice changes in your gums, teeth or mouth, you should consult your dentist.

Pain, redness or bleeding in the gums does not happen every day. If the problem occurs frequently or does not go away with the methods you use at home, consult your dentist.

  • Very painful and swollen gums, fever,
  • Loosening or falling out of teeth
  • ulcers or red patches in your mouth,
  • If you have a lump in your mouth or lip


How will the dentist treat bleeding gums? 

Your dentist will examine your teeth and gums. He or she may order an X-ray to check your teeth and jawbone. According to your examination and test results, you will have an idea about your gingival bleeding. If necessary, he or she can refer you to a periodontologist.

How gingival bleeding is treated depends on how severe your disease is and the underlying disease.

In the early stages, no intervention may be needed. Your dentist can advise you on brushing techniques and your standard of living. If you are a smoker, he advises you to quit. Cleans your teeth if needed.

If your gum bleeding has passed the early stage, more different treatment options are required. First of all, if there is an infection, antibiotics are prescribed. Your gums and tartar are cleaned. Tartar cleaning is done first as a superficial and then as a deep cleaning. In some cases, more serious operations on your gums may be required. Some of your teeth may even be extracted if needed.

How to prevent bleeding gums? 

The best way to prevent bleeding gums is to keep your teeth and gums as healthy as possible.

To do this:

  • On average, have regular dental check-ups every six months. If possible, continue your dental checkups with the same dentist.
  • Avoid sugary foods and drinks. Sugary foods taken especially in the evening will leave residue on the teeth. If these residues are not cleaned, it will cause tooth decay over time. It is recommended to consume sugary foods only at meal times, occasionally and in small amounts.
  • Brush your teeth for about 2 minutes twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste. It is recommended to brush the gums and tongue while brushing the teeth.
  • Change your toothbrush regularly.
  • Clean between your teeth daily using floss or an interdental brush to remove food, debris and plaque.
  • Do not smoke. Smoking will both cause cosmetic problems due to yellowing of the teeth and worsen dental problems. Smoking after dental interventions will prolong bleeding times.
  • Have health problems that can contribute to gum problems, such as diabetes, regularly checked.
  • Eating a healthy diet that includes plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables and limiting processed foods and foods with added sugar.